Written in English
The goal of this research was to explore the technological practices of the Wendat and Haudenosaunee individuals who were working these materials. It was determined that there is a predictable difference in the manufacturing techniques used by Native metalworkers of this period and contemporary European metalworkers, which supports the hypothesis that Native individuals were manufacturing these objects rather than acquiring them all as finished objects from Europeans. Differences in both the manufacturing techniques used and forms created were observed chronologically and ethnically supporting the assertion that smelted copper and copper-alloy metalworking was a newly developed industry primarily adapting existing Native technological practices to this material rather than a complete set of practices adopted en mass from Europeans.*This project is a detailed comparative analysis of the use of smelted copper and copper-alloy metals by individuals of the Wendat/Huron and Haudenosaunee/Five Nations Iroquois confederacies. This material was introduced into Northeastern North America by a series of European explorers and settlers in the form of finished kettles and sheet metal during the Early and Middle Contact periods (ca. A.D. 1480/1500--1614 and A.D. 1614--1690, respectively). Once acquired, Native metalworkers then transformed this metal into various forms of ornamental and utilitarian objects which were more meaningful to themselves and their communities.For this analysis, 14,137 objects of this type were examined from 68 archaeological sites and two amalgamated collections, principally using visual examination techniques under low-power magnification. Using correspondence analysis, a non-parametric comparative analytical technique, the collected data were used to discuss the character of the assemblages examined. This dissertation explored (1) the manufacturing techniques used to craft these pieces, (2) the differences in manufacturing techniques used chronologically and ethnically and (3) the forms of the produced objects.*This dissertation is a compound document (contains both a paper copy and a CD as part of the dissertation).
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Late 19th century to present. After the United States became independent, it enacted legislation to regulate trading with the Indians/Native Americans, under the Trade and Intercourse Act, first passed on J Later the Indian Office, which was then part of the War Department, issued licenses to traders in the Indian removal, the largest tribes from the Southeast and. Native American - Native American - Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries: From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans were. - Explore Danny Smith's board "Arrowheads and other Stone tools", followed by people on Pinterest. See more ideas about Arrowheads, Native american artifacts, Indian artifacts pins. - Identifying Indian tools made from rock is moderately easy if you know what you're looking for. Indian artifacts may be strewn where there was once a settlement. Arrowheads and bird points may be found at vantage points, such as cliff tops and bluffs, although only fragments or shards of these primitive tools may.
Native Design Services is a wholly aboriginal owned business with two design studios, located in Quebec and Nova Scotia. Native Voices International: Native Owned ISP, created to provide technical and communications solutions to Native peoples world Wide. New Trends School & Office Supplies: Cherokee: US - Northeast. One of these 15 books just might save your life some day. Check out survival expert Tim MacWelch's roundup of the best survival books ever written. -The introduction of new crops and livestock by the Spanish had far-reaching effects on native settlement patterns as well as on economic, social, and political development in the Western Hemisphere. -In the economies of the Spanish colonies, Indian labor, used in the encomienda system to support plantation-based agriculture and extract. The history of metallurgy in the Indian subcontinent began prior to the 3rd millennium BCE and continued well into the British Raj. Metals and related concepts were mentioned in various early Vedic age texts. The Rigveda already uses the Sanskrit term Ayas (metal). The Indian cultural and commercial contacts with the Near East and the Greco-Roman world enabled an exchange of metallurgic sciences.
Old and new worlds collide. Arts and humanities Native American culture of the Northeast. Native American culture of the Southeast. Native American culture of the Plains. This is the currently selected item. Lesson summary: Native American societies before contact. Native Americans of the Plains commonly use Lazy Stitch to create beaded designs on clothing and accessories. Instead of creating a Loomwork Strip that you later attach to the item, with Lazy Stitch you sew the beads directly to the fabric or leather. A major consequence of Columbus's voyages was the eventual exchange of goods between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (the Americas). Listed below are some of the goods that were shared in this "Columbian Exchange" between the continents. Most of us are also familiar with the use of repurposed materials: old tires, soda cans and PET bottles packed with cement to make sturdy, hard-as-brick walls known as earth-ships. Pallet houses are on the rise as well. But what I find most interesting is the use of salvaged debris from demolition projects.